POLITICAL SCIENCE
राजनीती विज्ञान
12th
ARTS
2009


[ TIME : 3 Hours ]   [ Full Marks : 100,Pass Marks :33 ]
 सामान्य निर्देश :

( All questions are compulsory .)
2.प्रश्न संख्या 1 से 10 तक प्रत्येक प्रश्न एक अंक का है
इनके उतर 20 शब्दों से अधिक नहीं होना चाहिए
( Question number 1 to 10 are of 1 mark each.
 the answer to these questions should not
 exceed 20 words each.)
3. प्रश्न संख्या 11 से 20 तक प्रत्येक प्रश्न 2 अंक का है
 इनके उत्तर 40 शब्दों से अधिक न हो
( question number 11 to 20 are of 2 marks each.
the answer to these questions should not exceed
40 words each. )
4. प्रश्न संख्या 21 से 30 तक प्रत्येक प्रश्न 4 अंक का है
 इनके उतर 100 शब्दों से अधिक न हो
(Question no 21 to 30 are of 4 marks each.
the answer to these questions should not
exceed 100 words.)
5. प्रश्न संख्या 31 से 35 तक प्रत्येक प्रश्न 6 अंक का है
 इनके उत्तर 150 शब्दों से अधिक न हो
(question no 31 to 35 are of 6 marks each.
The answer to these question should not
exceed 150 words. )
   
            खण्ड -अ 
           GROUP -A


1). 1975 में भारत में आपातकाल की घोषणा किसने की थी ?
( who proclaimed emergency in 1975 in India?)

2). जापान में किन शहरों पर परमाणु बम गिराए थे?
( on which cities of Japan atom bomb where dropped?)

3). दक्षिण एशिया के सबसे बड़े देश का नाम बताइए ?
( name the largest country of South Asia?)

4). " जय जवान जय किसान" का नारा किसने दिया ?
( who gave the slogan" Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ?)

5). सोवियत संघ का विघटन कब हुआ ?
( when did disintegration of Soviet Union take place ?)

6). संपूर्ण क्रांति आंदोलन के साथ किस नेता का नाम जुड़ा हुआ है ?
( the name which leader is associated with the movement of total revolution ?)

7). बांग्लादेश को स्वतंत्रता कब मिली ?
( when did Bangladesh get freedom?)

8). संविधान का कौन सा अनुच्छेद जम्मू और कश्मीर को विशेष राज्य का दर्जा देता है ?
( which article of the Constitution provide Jammu and Kashmir the status of special state?)

9). योजना आयोग का अध्यक्ष कौन होता है ?
( who is the chairman of Planning Commission ?)

10). नेशनल कांफ्रेंस किस राज्य की मुख्य राजनीतिक पार्टी है ?
( of which state National Conference is the main political party?)

खण्ड -ब
GROUP -B

11). निरस्त्रीकरण का क्या अभिप्राय होता है ?
( what is meant by disarmament ?)

12). संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ के दो मुख्य उद्देश्य क्या है ?
( what are the two main objectives of United Nations organisation?)

13).9/11 का क्या अर्थ है ?
( what is meant by 9/11)

14). संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद क्या है ?
( what is the security council of United Nation organisation?)

15). निम्नलिखित में मेल बैठाइए -
( match the following-)
a). मिखाइल गोर्बाचेव i). सोवियत संघ का उत्तराधिकारी
b). शॉक थेरेपी ii) सैन्य सानिया समझौता
c). रूस iii). सुधारों की शुरुआत की
d). वारसा iv ). आर्थिक मॉडल

16). पंचशील के सिद्धांत बताइए
( state the principles of Panchsheel )

17). भारत की विदेश नीति में आए दो महत्वपूर्ण परिवर्तन बताइए
( mention two important changes which are introduced in the foreign policy of India.)

18). आजादी के समय भारत को किन दो चुनौतियों का सामना करना पड़ा
( what were the two challenges that India did face at the time of independence ?)

19). गठबंधन का क्या अर्थ है?
( what is meant by coalition?)

20). मंडल आयोग की कोई दो सिफारिश को लिखें
( write any two Recommendation of The Mandal Commission.)

खण्ड- स
GROUP- S

21). समाजवादी अर्थव्यवस्था एवं पूंजीवादी अर्थव्यवस्था में अंतर स्पष्ट करें
( differentiate between socialism and capitalism.)

22). सोवियत विभाजन का भारत पर पड़े प्रभाव का परिचय दें
( describe briefly the impact of disintegration of Soviet Union on India .)

23). अमेरिका ने अफगानिस्तान पर आक्रमण क्यों किया? कोई तीन कारण बताइए
( why did USA attack on Afghanistan mention any three reasons?)

24). भारत और चीन के संबंधों में प्रगाढ़ता के मुख्य कारण क्या है ?
( what are the main causes for the consolidation in the relationship between India and China ?)

25). विदेश नीति के चार अनिवार्य कारक बताइए
( mention four essential factors of foreign policy.)

26). एक ध्रुवीय व्यवस्था क्या है ?
( what is uni-polar system?)

27). नेहरू विदेश नीति के संचालक को स्वतंत्रता का एक अनिवार्य संकेतक मानते थे क्यों?
( Nehru considered handling the foreign policy and essential pointer of independent why ?)

28)." 1977 के बाद केंद्र में गठबंधन की सरकार का युग प्रारंभ हुआ और इसी प्रधान उपाय में चल रहा है" समझाइए
(" the era of coalition started in 1977 at the Central Government level has come to stay in a big way." explain )
29). भारत में क्षेत्रीय संगठनों की रचना के मुख्य उद्देश्य को स्पष्ट करें
( explain the main motives of making regional Association in India.)
30). A ,B ,C ,D अंकित 4 देशी रजवाड़ों को बताएं किसी एक राज्य की समस्या के बारे में लिखे जो उसने भारत के साथ जुड़ने में जली थी
( identify the 4 state princely states marked in the map given below as a, b, c and d.
mention the major problem faced in the integration of any one of these state into the indian union.)

GROUP -D
ग्रुप -द

31). " भारत को अपनी गुटनिरपेक्षता की नीति का त्याग कर अमेरिका के साथ संधि कर लेना चाहिए"
क्या आप इससे सहमत है अपने उत्तर के समर्थन में 3 तर्क दें
( " India should give up its policy of non alignment and non align with the United States". do you agree? give any three arguments in support of your answer.)
Or
किन्ही तीन कारको का वर्णन करें जिन्होंने भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच आपसी सहयोग को बढ़ाया
( describe any three factors which led to the development of mutual cooperation between India and Bangladesh)

32). किन बातों के कारण गोर्बाचोव को सोवियत संघ में सुधार के लिए बाध्य हुए ?
( what factors forced Garb Chov to implement reform in Soviet system?)
or
मूलवासी से क्या अभिप्राय होता है ? इनकी मुख्य मांगे का परिचय दें
( what is meant by indigenous people? give an introduction of their main demands.)

33). प्रथम पंचवर्षीय योजना से दूसरी पंचवर्षीय योजना अधिक सफल की व्याख्या करें
( the second five year- plan was more successful than the first- five year plan. explain)
or
पंचवर्षीय योजनाओं के मुख्य उद्देश्य को स्पष्ट करें
( ex-plaining the main aims of the five year plans.)

34). कश्मीर समस्या क्या है? विवेचना करें
( what is Kashmir problem? discuss.)
Or
नीचे लिखे अवतरण को पढ़े और इसके आधार पर पूछे गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर दें

35).हरित -क्रांति क्या थी ? हरित क्रांति के दो नकारात्मक और दो सकारात्मक पहलुओ की चर्चा करे
( what was the Green Revolution ? discuss any two positive and two negative aspect of the Green Revolution.
Or
क्या एकल पार्टी प्रभुत्व की प्रणाली का भारतीय राजनीति के लोकतांत्रिक चरित्र पर खराब असर हुआ
( did single party dominance affect democratic character of Indian democracy adversely?


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