COPYRIGHT RESERVED
XA-GEO-(Opt.)-A
ARTS
No.of Questions-29
No.of Printed Pages-15

2018

GEOGRAPHY
(Optional)
Full Marks-70
Pass Marks -23
Time 3 Hours

Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as far as practicable.
(परीक्षार्थी यथासंभव अपने शब्दों में ही उत्तर दें।)
Figures in the margin indicate full marks.
(उपांत के अंक पूर्णाक निर्दिष्ट करते हैं।)

All questions are compulsory
(सभी प्रश्न अनिवार्य हैं।)

Instructions:
निर्देश:

(i) Question Nos. 1 - 10 are multiple choice type. Each question carries 1 marks.
(प्रश्न संख्या 1 - 10 तक बहुविकल्पीय प्रश्न हैं।प्रत्येक प्रश्न 1 अंक का है।)

(ii) Question Nos. 11 - 20are very short answer type. Each qiestion carries 2 marks. Candidates are required to give their answer not more than 30 words each.
(प्रश्न संख्या 11 - 20 तक अति लघु उत्तरीय है। प्रत्येक प्रश्न 2 अंक का है। परीक्षार्थी अपना उत्तर प्रत्येक 30 शब्दों से अधिक में न दें।)

(iii) Question Nos. 21 - 25 are  short answer type. Each qiestion carries 4 marks. Candidates are required to give their answer not more than 100 words each.
(प्रश्न संख्या 21- 25 तक  लघु उत्तरीय है। प्रत्येक प्रश्न 4 अंक का है। परीक्षार्थी अपना उत्तर प्रत्येक 100 शब्दों से अधिक में न दें।)

(iv) Question Nos. 26 - 28 are long answer type. Each qiestion carries 5 marks. Candidates are required to give their answer not more than 200 words each. Answer Question No. 29 on the map provided.
(प्रश्न संख्या 26 - 28 तक दीर्घ उत्तरीय है। प्रत्येक प्रश्न 5 अंक का है। परीक्षार्थी अपना उत्तर प्रत्येक 200 शब्दों से अधिक में न दें। प्रश्न संख्या 29 का उत्तर प्रदप्त मानचित्र पर दीजिये।)

(Multiple Choice Type Questions)
(बहुविकल्पीय प्रश्न)
1 × 10 = 10

1).Who is the writer of 'Geographia Generalis'?
a).Buckle(बकले)
b).Darwin(डार्विन)
c).Ratzel(रेटजेल)
d).Varenius.(वरेनियस)

2).Among the following countries which has the minimum birth-rate?
a).France(फ्रांस)
b).Germany(जर्मनी)
c).Japan(जापान)
d).U.S.A(यू. एस.ए.)

3).Which is the most populous country in the world?
a).China(चीन)
b).India(इंडिया)
c).Japan(जापान)
d).United Kingdom.(यूनाइटेड किंगडम)

4).In which area is the largest reserve of mineral oil found ?
a).Iran(इरान)
b).Saudi Arabia(सऊदी अरब)
c).China(चीन)
d).Iraq(इराक)

5).Which is the oldest Iron and steel Industry in india ?
a).IISCO
b).HSL
c).MISCO
d).TISCO

6).Mumbai High is known for
a).Coal(कोयला के लिए)
b).Petroleum(खनिज तेल के लिए)
c).Hydel power(जल विद्युत शक्ति के लिए)
d).Uranium.(उरेनियम के लिए)

7).Among the following which one is cash crop ?
a).Cotton(कपास)
b).Jute(जूट)
c).Tea(चाय)
d).All of these.(इनमे से सभी)

8).Cape of Good Hope Sea Route is situated in
a).Atlantic Ocean(अन्ध महासागर में)
b).Indian Ocean(हिन्द महासागर में)
c).Pacific Ocean(प्रशांत महासागर में)
d).None of these.(इनमे से कोई नहीं)

9).Industrialisation lead to
a).Air Pollution (वायु प्रदूषण)
b).Sound Pollution(ध्वनि प्रदूषण)
c).Water pollution(जल प्रदूषण)
d).All of these(इनमे से सभी)

10).Which is the biggest city in India?
a).Chennai(चेन्नई)
b).Delhi(दिल्ली)
c).Kolkata(कोलकाता)
d).Mumbai.(मुंबई)

(Very Short Answer Type Question)
(अति लगु उत्तरीय प्रश्न)
2 × 10 = 20

Answer the following question very briefly:
निम्न प्रश्नो के अति संक्षिप्त उत्तर दें:

11).What do you mean by determinism?
(निश्चयवाद से आप क्या समझते हैं?)

12).Define growth of population.
(जनसंख्या बृद्धि को परिभाषित करें।)

13).Differentiate between pollution and pollutant.
(प्रदूषण और प्रदूषक के बिच अंतर बताइए।)

14).Which is called administrative city ?
(प्रशासनिक नगर किसे कहा जाता है?)

15).What is the Tertiary activity ?
(तृतीयक क्रियाकलाप क्या है?)

16).What is the difference between rocks and minerals ?
(शैल  एवम् खनिज के बिच अंतर क्या है?)

17).What is cyclone ?
(चक्रवात क्या है?)

18).Define natural vegetation.
(प्राकृतिक वनस्पति को परिभाषित करें।)

19).Define salinity of sea water.
(समुन्द्र जल की लवणता को परिभाषित करें।)

20).What do you mean by Information Technology ?
(सूचना प्रोधौगिकी से आप क्या समझते हैं?)

( Short Answer type Questions)
(लघु -उत्तरीय प्रश्न)
4 × 5 = 20

Answer the following questions in short:
निम्न प्रश्नो के संक्षिप्त में उत्तर दें।

21).Discuss the objectives of human Geography.
(मानव भूगोल के उद्देश्यों का वर्णन करें।)

22).Write favourable conditions for the production of cotton.
(कपास उत्पादन के लिए अनुकूल दशाओं का वर्णन करें।)

23).Discuss the source of non-traditional energy.
(गैर-परमपरागत ऊर्जा स्रोतों का वर्णन करें।)

24).Discuss why there is need of irrigation in India.
(भारत सिंचाई की अवश्यकता क्यों है? वर्णन करें।)

25).What do you mean by Globalisation ? Discuss its effects.
(भूमंडलीकरण से आप क्या समझते हैं? इसके प्रभावो की व्याख्या करें
)

OR/अथवा

What is Global warming ? How is it affecting the world environment ?
(ग्लोबल वार्मिंग क्या है? यह किस प्रकार विश्व पर्यावरण को प्रभावित कर रहा है?)

(Long Answer Type Question )
(दीर्घ उत्तरीय प्रश्न)
5×4=20

Answer the following question in details:
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नो के उत्तर विस्तार से दीजिए:

26).Discuss the production and distribution of Tea in the world.
(विश्व में चाय के उत्पादन एवम् वितरण का वर्णन करें।)

27).Copare between Thermal power and Hydroelectricity as source of energy.
(ऊर्जा के साधन के रूप में ताप विद्युत एवम् जल विद्युत में तुलना करें।)

28).Discribe the relation between poverty and Hunger ?
(गरीबी और भूख के बिच सम्बन्ध का वर्णन करें।)

OR/अथवा

Write about the envirronmental problems arising out of urbanization in India.
(भारत में नगरीकरण के कारण उतपन हुई पर्यावरणीय समस्याओं के बारे में लिखिए)

29).Show the following in the map of world provided:
(प्रदप्त संसार के मानचित्र में निम्न को दिखाइए:)
(a). Panama Canal(पनामा नहर)
(b).Suez Canal(स्वेज नहर)
(v).Bay of Bengal(बंगाल की खाड़ी)
(d).Madagascar(मेडागास्कर)
(e).Tasmania.(तस्मानिया)




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